|Python Language Reference Manual|
by Guido van Rossum and Fred L. Drake, Jr.
Paperback (6"x9"), 120 pages
RRP £12.95 ($19.95)
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8.1 Complete Python programs
While a language specification need not prescribe how the language
interpreter is invoked, it is useful to have a notion of a complete
Python program. A complete Python program is executed in a minimally
initialized environment: all built-in and standard modules are
available, but none have been initialized, except for ‘sys’
(various system services), ‘__builtin__’ (built-in functions,
None) and ‘__main__’. The latter is used
to provide the local and global namespace for execution of the
The syntax for a complete Python program is that for file input, described in the next section.
The interpreter may also be invoked in interactive mode; in this case, it does not read and execute a complete program but reads and executes one statement (possibly compound) at a time. The initial environment is identical to that of a complete program; each statement is executed in the namespace of ‘__main__’.
Under UNIX, a complete program can be passed to the interpreter in
three forms: with the
-c string command line option, as a
file passed as the first command line argument, or as standard input.
If the file or standard input is a tty device, the interpreter enters
interactive mode; otherwise, it executes the file as a complete
|ISBN 0954161785||Python Language Reference Manual||See the print edition|