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The PostgreSQL 9.0 Reference Manual - Volume 1B - SQL Command Reference
by The PostgreSQL Global Development Group
Paperback (6"x9"), 488 pages
ISBN 9781906966058
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1.36 COMMENT

Name

COMMENT -- define or change the comment of an object

Synopsis

COMMENT ON
{
  TABLE object_name |
  COLUMN table_name.column_name |
  AGGREGATE agg_name (agg_type [, ...] ) |
  CAST (source_type AS target_type) |
  CONSTRAINT constraint_name ON table_name |
  CONVERSION object_name |
  DATABASE object_name |
  DOMAIN object_name |
  FUNCTION function_name ( [ [ argmode ] [ argname ] argtype
 [, ...] ] ) |
  INDEX object_name |
  LARGE OBJECT large_object_oid |
  OPERATOR operator_name (left_type, right_type) |
  OPERATOR CLASS object_name USING index_method |
  OPERATOR FAMILY object_name USING index_method |
  [ PROCEDURAL ] LANGUAGE object_name |
  ROLE object_name |
  RULE rule_name ON table_name |
  SCHEMA object_name |
  SEQUENCE object_name |
  TABLESPACE object_name |
  TEXT SEARCH CONFIGURATION object_name |
  TEXT SEARCH DICTIONARY object_name |
  TEXT SEARCH PARSER object_name |
  TEXT SEARCH TEMPLATE object_name |
  TRIGGER trigger_name ON table_name |
  TYPE object_name |
  VIEW object_name
} IS 'text'

Description

COMMENT stores a comment about a database object.

To modify a comment, issue a new COMMENT command for the same object. Only one comment string is stored for each object. To remove a comment, write NULL in place of the text string. Comments are automatically dropped when the object is dropped.

Comments can be viewed using psql's \d family of commands. Other user interfaces to retrieve comments can be built atop the same built-in functions that psql uses, namely obj_description, col_description, and shobj_description (see Volume 1A: Table 7-51).

Parameters

object_name
table_name.column_name
agg_name
constraint_name
function_name
op
rule_name
trigger_name
The name of the object to be commented. Names of tables, aggregates, domains, functions, indexes, operators, operator classes, operator families, sequences, text search objects, types, and views can be schema-qualified.
agg_type
An input data type on which the aggregate function operates. To reference a zero-argument aggregate function, write * in place of the list of input data types.
source_type
The name of the source data type of the cast.
target_type
The name of the target data type of the cast.
argmode
The mode of a function argument: IN, OUT, INOUT, or VARIADIC. If omitted, the default is IN. Note that COMMENT ON FUNCTION does not actually pay any attention to OUT arguments, since only the input arguments are needed to determine the function's identity. So it is sufficient to list the IN, INOUT, and VARIADIC arguments.
argname
The name of a function argument. Note that COMMENT ON FUNCTION does not actually pay any attention to argument names, since only the argument data types are needed to determine the function's identity.
argtype
The data type(s) of the function's arguments (optionally schema-qualified), if any.
large_object_oid
The OID of the large object.
PROCEDURAL
This is a noise word.
text
The new comment, written as a string literal; or NULL to drop the comment.

Notes

There is presently no security mechanism for comments: any user connected to a database can see all the comments for objects in that database (although only superusers can change comments for objects that they don't own). For shared objects such as databases, roles, and tablespaces comments are stored globally and any user connected to any database can see all the comments for shared objects. Therefore, don't put security-critical information in comments.

Examples

Attach a comment to the table mytable:

COMMENT ON TABLE mytable IS 'This is my table.';

Remove it again:

COMMENT ON TABLE mytable IS NULL;

Some more examples:

COMMENT ON AGGREGATE my_aggregate (double precision) IS 
  'Computes sample variance';
COMMENT ON CAST (text AS int4) IS 'Allow casts from text to 
  int4';
COMMENT ON COLUMN my_table.my_column IS 'Employee ID number';
COMMENT ON CONVERSION my_conv IS 'Conversion to UTF8';
COMMENT ON DATABASE my_database IS 'Development Database';
COMMENT ON DOMAIN my_domain IS 'Email Address Domain';
COMMENT ON FUNCTION my_function (timestamp) IS 'Returns Roman 
  Numeral';
COMMENT ON INDEX my_index IS 'Enforces uniqueness on employee 
  ID';
COMMENT ON LANGUAGE plpython IS 'Python support for stored 
  procedures';
COMMENT ON LARGE OBJECT 346344 IS 'Planning document';
COMMENT ON OPERATOR ^ (text, text) IS 'Performs intersection 
  of two texts';
COMMENT ON OPERATOR - (NONE, text) IS 'This is a prefix 
  operator on text';
COMMENT ON OPERATOR CLASS int4ops USING btree IS '4 byte 
  integer operators for btrees';
COMMENT ON OPERATOR FAMILY integer_ops USING btree IS 'all 
  integer operators for btrees';
COMMENT ON ROLE my_role IS 'Administration group for finance 
  tables';
COMMENT ON RULE my_rule ON my_table IS 'Logs updates of 
  employee records';
COMMENT ON SCHEMA my_schema IS 'Departmental data';
COMMENT ON SEQUENCE my_sequence IS 'Used to generate primary 
  keys';
COMMENT ON TABLE my_schema.my_table IS 'Employee Information';
COMMENT ON TABLESPACE my_tablespace IS 'Tablespace for indexes';
COMMENT ON TEXT SEARCH CONFIGURATION my_config IS 'Special 
  word filtering';
COMMENT ON TEXT SEARCH DICTIONARY swedish IS 'Snowball 
  stemmer for swedish language';
COMMENT ON TEXT SEARCH PARSER my_parser IS 'Splits text into 
  words';
COMMENT ON TEXT SEARCH TEMPLATE snowball IS 'Snowball stemmer';
COMMENT ON TRIGGER my_trigger ON my_table IS 'Used for RI';
COMMENT ON TYPE complex IS 'Complex number data type';
COMMENT ON VIEW my_view IS 'View of departmental costs';

Compatibility

There is no COMMENT command in the SQL standard.

ISBN 9781906966058The PostgreSQL 9.0 Reference Manual - Volume 1B - SQL Command ReferenceSee the print edition