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PostgreSQL Reference Manual - Volume 1 - SQL Language Reference
by The PostgreSQL Global Development Group
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ISBN 0954612027
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6.8.2 cidr

The cidr type holds an IPv4 or IPv6 network specification. Input and output formats follow Classless Internet Domain Routing conventions. The format for specifying networks is address/y where address is the network represented as an IPv4 or IPv6 address, and y is the number of bits in the netmask. If y is omitted, it is calculated using assumptions from the older classful network numbering system, except that it will be at least large enough to include all of the octets written in the input. It is an error to specify a network address that has bits set to the right of the specified netmask.

Table 6-18 shows some examples.

Table 6-18: cidr Type Input Examples
cidr Input cidr Output abbrev(cidr)
192.168.100.128/25 192.168.100.128/25 192.168.100.128/25
192.168/24 192.168.0.0/24 192.168.0/24
192.168/25 192.168.0.0/25 192.168.0.0/25
192.168.1 192.168.1.0/24 192.168.1/24
192.168 192.168.0.0/24 192.168.0/24
128.1 128.1.0.0/16 128.1/16
128 128.0.0.0/16 128.0/16
128.1.2 128.1.2.0/24 128.1.2/24
10.1.2 10.1.2.0/24 10.1.2/24
10.1 10.1.0.0/16 10.1/16
10 10.0.0.0/8 10/8
10.1.2.3/32 10.1.2.3/32 10.1.2.3/32
2001:4f8:3:ba::/64 2001:4f8:3:ba::/64 2001:4f8:3:ba::/64
2001:4f8:3:ba:2e0:81ff:fe22:d1f1/128 2001:4f8:3:ba:2e0:81ff:fe22:d1f1/128 2001:4f8:3:ba:2e0:81ff:fe22:d1f1
::ffff:1.2.3.0/120 ::ffff:1.2.3.0/120 ::ffff:1.2.3/120
::ffff:1.2.3.0/128 ::ffff:1.2.3.0/128 ::ffff:1.2.3.0/128
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