|Perl Language Reference Manual|
by Larry Wall and others
Paperback (6"x9"), 724 pages
RRP £29.95 ($39.95)
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12.1 The backslash
In a regular expression, the backslash can perform one of two tasks:
it either takes away the special meaning of the character following it
\| matches a vertical bar, it's not an alternation),
or it is the start of a backslash or escape sequence.
The rules determining what it is are quite simple: if the character following the backslash is an ASCII punctuation (non-word) character (that is, anything that is not a letter, digit or underscore), then the backslash just takes away the special meaning (if any) of the character following it.
If the character following the backslash is an ASCII letter or an ASCII digit, then the sequence may be special; if so, it's listed below. A few letters have not been used yet, so escaping them with a backslash doesn't change them to be special. A future version of Perl may assign a special meaning to them, so if you have warnings turned on, Perl will issue a warning if you use such a sequence. .
It is however guaranteed that backslash or escape sequences never have a punctuation character following the backslash, not now, and not in a future version of Perl 5. So it is safe to put a backslash in front of a non-word character.
Note that the backslash itself is special; if you want to match a backslash,
you have to escape the backslash with a backslash:
/\\/ matches a single
- There is one exception. If you use an alphanumerical character as the delimiter of your pattern (which you probably shouldn't do for readability reasons), you will have to escape the delimiter if you want to match it. Perl won't warn then. See also 7.32.
|ISBN 9781906966027||Perl Language Reference Manual||See the print edition|