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Perl Language Reference Manual
by Larry Wall and others
Paperback (6"x9"), 724 pages
ISBN 9781906966027
RRP £29.95 ($39.95)

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Returns the number of non-leap seconds since whatever time the system considers to be the epoch, suitable for feeding to gmtime and localtime. On most systems the epoch is 00:00:00 UTC, January 1, 1970; a prominent exception being Mac OS Classic which uses 00:00:00, January 1, 1904 in the current local time zone for its epoch.

For measuring time in better granularity than one second, you may use either the Time::HiRes module (from CPAN, and starting from Perl 5.8 part of the standard distribution), or if you have gettimeofday(2), you may be able to use the syscall interface of Perl. See "System Interaction" (perlfaq8) in the Perl FAQ for details.

For date and time processing look at the many related modules on CPAN. For a comprehensive date and time representation look at the DateTime module.

ISBN 9781906966027Perl Language Reference ManualSee the print edition