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Perl Language Reference Manual
by Larry Wall and others
Paperback (6"x9"), 724 pages
ISBN 9781906966027
RRP £29.95 ($39.95)

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17.10 Format Variables

The current format name is stored in the variable $~ ($FORMAT_NAME), and the current top of form format name is in $^ ($FORMAT_TOP_NAME). The current output page number is stored in $% ($FORMAT_PAGE_NUMBER), and the number of lines on the page is in $= ($FORMAT_LINES_PER_PAGE). Whether to autoflush output on this handle is stored in $| ($OUTPUT_AUTOFLUSH). The string output before each top of page (except the first) is stored in $^L ($FORMAT_FORMFEED). These variables are set on a per-filehandle basis, so you'll need to select() into a different one to affect them:

        $~ = "My_Other_Format",
        $^ = "My_Top_Format"

Pretty ugly, eh? It's a common idiom though, so don't be too surprised when you see it. You can at least use a temporary variable to hold the previous filehandle: (this is a much better approach in general, because not only does legibility improve, you now have intermediary stage in the expression to single-step the debugger through):

$ofh = select(OUTF);
$~ = "My_Other_Format";
$^ = "My_Top_Format";

If you use the English module, you can even read the variable names:

use English '-no_match_vars';
$ofh = select(OUTF);
$FORMAT_NAME     = "My_Other_Format";
$FORMAT_TOP_NAME = "My_Top_Format";

But you still have those funny select()s. So just use the FileHandle module. Now, you can access these special variables using lowercase method names instead:

use FileHandle;
format_name     OUTF "My_Other_Format";
format_top_name OUTF "My_Top_Format";

Much better!

ISBN 9781906966027Perl Language Reference ManualSee the print edition