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The Org Mode 7 Reference Manual
by Carsten Dominik and others
Paperback (6"x9"), 282 pages
ISBN 9781906966089
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2.7 Plain lists

Within an entry of the outline tree, hand-formatted lists can provide additional structure. They also provide a way to create lists of checkboxes (see section 5.6 Checkboxes). Org supports editing such lists, and every exporter (see section 12 Exporting) can parse and format them.

Org knows ordered lists, unordered lists, and description lists.

Items belonging to the same list must have the same indentation on the first line. In particular, if an ordered list reaches number ‘10.’, then the 2--digit numbers must be written left-aligned with the other numbers in the list.

Two methods(14) are provided to terminate lists. A list ends before the next line that is indented like the bullet/number or less, or it ends before two blank lines.(15) In both cases, all levels of the list are closed.(16) For finer control, you can end lists with any pattern set in org-list-end-regexp. Here is an example:

** Lord of the Rings
   My favorite scenes are (in this order)
   1. The attack of the Rohirrim
   2. Eowyn's fight with the witch king
      + this was already my favorite scene in the book
      + I really like Miranda Otto.
   3. Peter Jackson being shot by Legolas
      He makes a really funny face when it happens.
      - on DVD only
   But in the end, no individual scenes matter but the film as
   a whole. Important actors in this film are:
   - Elijah Wood :: He plays Frodo
   - Sean Austin :: He plays Sam, Frodo's friend. I still
     remember him very well from his role as Mikey Walsh in The

Org supports these lists by tuning filling and wrapping commands to deal with them correctly,(17) and by exporting them properly (see section 12 Exporting). Since indentation is what governs the structure of these lists, many structural constructs like #+BEGIN_... blocks can be indented to signal that they should be considered as a list item.

If you find that using a different bullet for a sub-list (than that used for the current list-level) improves readability, customize the variable org-list-demote-modify-bullet.

The following commands act on items when the cursor is in the first line of an item (the line with the bullet or number). Some of them imply the application of automatic rules to keep list structure intact. If some of these actions get in your way, configure org-list-automatic-rules to disable them individually.

TAB (org-cycle)
Items can be folded just like headline levels. Normally this works only if the cursor is on a plain list item. For more details, see the variable org-cycle-include-plain-lists. If this variable is set to integrate, plain list items will be treated like low-level headlines. The level of an item is then given by the indentation of the bullet/number. Items are always subordinate to real headlines, however; the hierarchies remain completely separated.
M-RET (org-insert-heading)
Insert new item at current level. With a prefix argument, force a new heading (see section 2.5 Structure editing). If this command is used in the middle of a line, the line is split and the rest of the line becomes the new item.(18) If this command is executed before an item's body, the new item is created before the current item. If the command is executed in the white space before the text that is part of an item but does not contain the bullet, a bullet is added to the current line. As a new item cannot be inserted in a structural construct (like an example or source code block) within a list, Org will instead insert it right before the structure, or return an error.
Insert a new item with a checkbox (see section 5.6 Checkboxes).
TAB (org-cycle)
In a new item with no text yet, the first TAB demotes the item to become a child of the previous one. Subsequent TABs move the item to meaningful levels in the list and eventually get it back to its initial position.
Jump to the previous/next item in the current list, but only if org-support-shift-select is off. If not, you can still use paragraph jumping commands like C-up and C-down to quite similar effect.
Move the item including subitems up/down (swap with previous/next item of same indentation). If the list is ordered, renumbering is automatic.
Decrease/increase the indentation of an item, leaving children alone.
Decrease/increase the indentation of the item, including subitems. Initially, the item tree is selected based on current indentation. When these commands are executed several times in direct succession, the initially selected region is used, even if the new indentation would imply a different hierarchy. To use the new hierarchy, break the command chain with a cursor motion or so. As a special case, using this command on the very first item of a list will move the whole list. This behavior can be disabled by configuring org-list-automatic-rules. The global indentation of a list has no influence on the text after the list.
C-c C-c
If there is a checkbox (see section 5.6 Checkboxes) in the item line, toggle the state of the checkbox. Also, makes sure that all the items on this list level use the same bullet and that the numbering of list items (if applicable) is correct.
C-c -
Cycle the entire list level through the different itemize/enumerate bullets (‘-’, ‘+’, ‘*’, ‘1.’, ‘1)’) or a subset of them, depending on org-plain-list-ordered-item-terminator, the type of list, and its position.(19) With a numeric prefix argument N, select the Nth bullet from this list. If there is an active region when calling this, all lines will be converted to list items. If the first line already was a list item, any item markers will be removed from the list. Finally, even without an active region, a normal line will be converted into a list item.
C-c *
Turn a plain list item into a headline (so that it becomes a subheading at its location). See section 2.5 Structure editing, for a detailed explanation.
This command also cycles bullet styles when the cursor in on the bullet or anywhere in an item line, details depending on org-support-shift-select.
C-c ^
Sort the plain list. You will be prompted for the sorting method: numerically, alphabetically, by time, or by custom function.
ISBN 9781906966089The Org Mode 7 Reference ManualSee the print edition