- publishing free software manuals
 GNU Octave Manual Version 3 by John W. Eaton, David Bateman, Søren HaubergPaperback (6"x9"), 568 pagesISBN 095461206XRRP £24.95 (\$39.95)

## 28.4 Interpolation on Scattered Data

An important use of the Delaunay tessellation is that it can be used to interpolate from scattered data to an arbitrary set of points. To do this the N-simplex of the known set of points is calculated with `delaunay`, `delaunay3` or `delaunayn`. Then the simplices in which the desired points are found are identified. Finally the vertices of the simplices are used to interpolate to the desired points. The functions that perform this interpolation are `griddata`, `griddata3` and `griddatan`.

Function File: zi = griddata (x, y, z, xi, yi, method)
Function File: [xi, yi, zi] = griddata (x, y, z, xi, yi, method)

Generate a regular mesh from irregular data using interpolation. The function is defined by `z = f (x, y)`. The interpolation points are all `(xi, yi)`. If xi, yi are vectors then they are made into a 2D mesh.

The interpolation method can be `"nearest"`, `"cubic"` or `"linear"`. If method is omitted it defaults to `"linear"`.

Function File: vi = griddata3 (x, y, z, v xi, yi, zi, method, options)

Generate a regular mesh from irregular data using interpolation. The function is defined by `y = f (x,y,z)`. The interpolation points are all xi.

The interpolation method can be `"nearest"` or `"linear"`. If method is omitted it defaults to `"linear"`.

Function File: yi = griddatan (x, y, xi, method, options)

Generate a regular mesh from irregular data using interpolation. The function is defined by `y = f (x)`. The interpolation points are all xi.

The interpolation method can be `"nearest"` or `"linear"`. If method is omitted it defaults to `"linear"`.

An example of the use of the `griddata` function is

```rand("state",1);
x=2*rand(1000,1)-1;
y=2*rand(size(x))-1;
z=sin(2*(x.^2+y.^2));
[xx,yy]=meshgrid(linspace(-1,1,32));
griddata(x,y,z,xx,yy);
```

that interpolates from a random scattering of points, to a uniform grid.

 ISBN 095461206X GNU Octave Manual Version 3 See the print edition