|GNU Octave Manual Version 3|
by John W. Eaton, David Bateman, Søren Hauberg
Paperback (6"x9"), 568 pages
RRP £24.95 ($39.95)
14.2.6 Output Conversion Syntax
This section provides details about the precise syntax of conversion
specifications that can appear in a
Characters in the template string that are not part of a conversion specification are printed as-is to the output stream.
The conversion specifications in a
printf template string have
the general form:
% flags width [ . precision ] type conversion
For example, in the conversion specifier ‘%-10.8ld’, the ‘-’ is a flag, ‘10’ specifies the field width, the precision is ‘8’, the letter ‘l’ is a type modifier, and ‘d’ specifies the conversion style. (This particular type specifier says to print a numeric argument in decimal notation, with a minimum of 8 digits left-justified in a field at least 10 characters wide.)
In more detail, output conversion specifications consist of an initial ‘%’ character followed in sequence by:
- Zero or more flag characters that modify the normal behavior of the conversion specification.
- An optional decimal integer specifying the minimum field width. If the normal conversion produces fewer characters than this, the field is padded with spaces to the specified width. This is a minimum value; if the normal conversion produces more characters than this, the field is not truncated. Normally, the output is right-justified within the field. You can also specify a field width of ‘*’. This means that the next argument in the argument list (before the actual value to be printed) is used as the field width. The value is rounded to the nearest integer. If the value is negative, this means to set the ‘-’ flag (see below) and to use the absolute value as the field width.
- An optional precision to specify the number of digits to be written for the numeric conversions. If the precision is specified, it consists of a period (‘.’) followed optionally by a decimal integer (which defaults to zero if omitted). You can also specify a precision of ‘*’. This means that the next argument in the argument list (before the actual value to be printed) is used as the precision. The value must be an integer, and is ignored if it is negative.
An optional type modifier character. This character is ignored by
printffunction, but is recognized to provide compatibility with the C language
- A character that specifies the conversion to be applied.
The exact options that are permitted and how they are interpreted vary between the different conversion specifiers. See the descriptions of the individual conversions for information about the particular options that they use.
|ISBN 095461206X||GNU Octave Manual Version 3||See the print edition|