|GNU Scientific Library Reference Manual - Third Edition (v1.12)|
by M. Galassi, J. Davies, J. Theiler, B. Gough, G. Jungman, P. Alken, M. Booth, F. Rossi
Paperback (6"x9"), 592 pages, 60 figures
RRP £24.95 ($39.95)
33.7 Minimization Algorithms
The minimization algorithms described in this section require an initial interval which is guaranteed to contain a minimum--if a and b are the endpoints of the interval and x is an estimate of the minimum then f(a) > f(x) < f(b). This ensures that the function has at least one minimum somewhere in the interval. If a valid initial interval is used then these algorithm cannot fail, provided the function is well-behaved.
- Minimizer: gsl_min_fminimizer_goldensection
- The golden section algorithm is the simplest method of bracketing
the minimum of a function. It is the slowest algorithm provided by the
library, with linear convergence.
On each iteration, the algorithm first compares the subintervals from the endpoints to the current minimum. The larger subinterval is divided in a golden section (using the famous ratio (3-\sqrt 5)/2 = 0.3189660...) and the value of the function at this new point is calculated. The new value is used with the constraint f(a') > f(x') < f(b') to a select new interval containing the minimum, by discarding the least useful point. This procedure can be continued indefinitely until the interval is sufficiently small. Choosing the golden section as the bisection ratio can be shown to provide the fastest convergence for this type of algorithm.
- Minimizer: gsl_min_fminimizer_brent
- The Brent minimization algorithm combines a parabolic
interpolation with the golden section algorithm. This produces a fast
algorithm which is still robust.
The outline of the algorithm can be summarized as follows: on each iteration Brent's method approximates the function using an interpolating parabola through three existing points. The minimum of the parabola is taken as a guess for the minimum. If it lies within the bounds of the current interval then the interpolating point is accepted, and used to generate a smaller interval. If the interpolating point is not accepted then the algorithm falls back to an ordinary golden section step. The full details of Brent's method include some additional checks to improve convergence.
|ISBN 0954612078||GNU Scientific Library Reference Manual - Third Edition (v1.12)||See the print edition|