|Version Management with CVS - the CVS manual|
by Per Cederqvist et al.
Paperback (6"x9"), 216 pages, 8 figures
RRP £19.95 ($29.95)
5.6 Merging an entire branch
You can merge changes made on a branch into your working copy by giving
the ‘-j branchname’ flag to the
update subcommand. With one
‘-j branchname’ option it merges the changes made between the
greatest common ancestor (GCA) of the branch and the destination revision (in
the simple case below the GCA is the point where the branch forked) and the
newest revision on that branch into your working copy.
The ‘-j’ stands for "join".
Consider this revision tree: The branch 1.2.2 has been given the tag (symbolic name) ‘R1fix’. The following example assumes that the module ‘mod’ contains only one file, ‘m.c’.
$ cvs checkout mod # Retrieve the latest revision, 1.4 $ cvs update -j R1fix m.c # Merge all changes from the branch, # i.e. the changes between revision 1.2 # and 220.127.116.11, into your working copy # of the file. $ cvs commit -m "Included R1fix" # Create revision 1.5.
A conflict can result from a merge operation. If that happens, you should resolve it before committing the new revision. See section 10.3 Conflicts example.
If your source files contain keywords (see section 12 Keyword substitution), you might be getting more conflicts than strictly necessary. See section 5.10 Merging and keywords, for information on how to avoid this.
checkout command also supports the ‘-j branchname’ flag. The
same effect as above could be achieved with this:
$ cvs checkout -j R1fix mod $ cvs commit -m "Included R1fix"
It should be noted that
update -j tagname will also work but may
not produce the desired result. See section 5.9 Merging can add or remove files, for more.
|ISBN 0954161718||Version Management with CVS - the CVS manual||See the print edition|