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The Apache HTTP Server Reference Manual
by Apache Software Foundation
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ISBN 9781906966034
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3.75  Apache Module mod_userdir


User-specific directories



Module Identifier:


Source File:



This module allows user-specific directories to be accessed using the http://example.com/~user/ syntax.



See also:

UserDir Directive


Location of the user-specific directories


UserDir directory-filename [directory-filename]


server config, virtual host





The UserDir directive sets the real directory in a user’s home directory to use when a request for a document for a user is received. Directory-filename is one of the following:

If neither the enabled nor the disabled keywords appear in the Userdir directive, the argument is treated as a filename pattern, and is used to turn the name into a directory specification. A request for http://www.example.com/~bob/one/two.html will be translated to:

UserDir directive used

Translated path
UserDir public_html

UserDir /usr/web

UserDir /home/*/www


The following directives will send redirects to the client:

UserDir directive used

Translated path
UserDir http://www.example.com/users

UserDir http://www.example.com/*/usr

UserDir http://www.example.com/˜*/


Be careful when using this directive; for instance, "UserDir ./" would map "/~root" to "/" - which is probably undesirable. It is strongly recommended that your configuration include a "UserDir disabled root" declaration. See also the Directory directive and the Security Tips (p. 1393) page for more information.

Additional examples:

To allow a few users to have UserDir directories, but not anyone else, use the following:

UserDir disabled
UserDir enabled user1 user2 user3

To allow most users to have UserDir directories, but deny this to a few, use the following:

UserDir disabled user4 user5 user6

It is also possible to specify alternative user directories. If you use a command like:

Userdir public_html /usr/web http://www.example.com/

with a request for http://www.example.com/~bob/one/two.html, it will try to find the page at ~bob/public_html/one/two.html first, then /usr/web/bob/one/two.html, and finally it will send a redirect to http://www.example.com/bob/one/two.html.

If you add a redirect, it must be the last alternative in the list. Apache cannot determine if the redirect succeeded or not, so if you have the redirect earlier in the list, that will always be the alternative that is used.

User directory substitution is not active by default in versions 2.1.4 and later. In earlier versions, UserDir public_html was assumed if no UserDir directive was present.

See also:

ISBN 9781906966034The Apache HTTP Server Reference ManualSee the print edition