|The Apache HTTP Server Reference Manual
by Apache Software Foundation
Paperback (6"x9"), 862 pages
RRP £19.95 ($29.95)
This module requires the service of mod_proxy. It provides the features used for proxying HTTP and HTTPS requests. mod_proxy_http supports HTTP/0.9, HTTP/1.0 and HTTP/1.1. It does not provide any caching abilities. If you want to set up a caching proxy, you might want to use the additional service of the mod_cache module.
Warning Do not enable proxying until you have secured your server (p. 729). Open proxy servers are dangerous both to your network and to the Internet at large.
This module provides no directives.
- Causes proxy to send an extra CR-LF newline on the end of a request. This is a workaround for a bug in some browsers.
- Forces the proxy to send requests to the backend as HTTP/1.0 and disables HTTP/1.1 features.
- Forces the proxy to close the backend connection after each request.
- If the proxy requires authentication, it will read and consume the proxy authentication credentials sent by the client. With proxy-chain-auth it will also forward the credentials to the next proxy in the chain. This may be necessary if you have a chain of proxies that share authentication information. Security Warning: Do not set this unless you know you need it, as it forwards sensitive information!
- HTTP/1.0 required all HTTP requests that include a body (e.g. POST requests) to include a Content-Length header. This environment variable forces the Apache proxy to send this header to the backend server, regardless of what the Client sent to the proxy. It ensures compatibility when proxying for an HTTP/1.0 or unknown backend. However, it may require the entire request to be buffered by the proxy, so it becomes very inefficient for large requests.
- proxy-sendchunks or proxy-sendchunked
- This is the opposite of proxy-sendcl. It allows request bodies to be sent to the backend using chunked transfer encoding. This allows the request to be efficiently streamed, but requires that the backend server supports HTTP/1.1.
- This variable takes values RFC or Suppress. Earlier httpd versions would suppress HTTP interim (1xx) responses sent from the backend. This is technically a violation of the HTTP protocol. In practice, if a backend sends an interim response, it may itself be extending the protocol in a manner we know nothing about, or just broken. So this is now configurable: set proxy-interim-response RFC to be fully protocol compliant, or proxy-interim-response Suppress to suppress interim responses.
- If this variable is set no pooled connection will be reused if the client connection is an initial connection. This avoids the "proxy: error reading status line from remote server" error message caused by the race condition that the backend server closed the pooled connection after the connection check by the proxy and before data sent by the proxy reached the backend. It has to be kept in mind that setting this variable downgrades performance, especially with HTTP/1.0 clients.
|ISBN 9781906966034||The Apache HTTP Server Reference Manual||See the print edition|