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The Apache HTTP Server Reference Manual
by Apache Software Foundation
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ISBN 9781906966034
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3.12  Apache Module mod_authn_dbm



Description:

User authentication using DBM files

Status:

Extension

Module Identifier:

authn_dbm_module

Source File:

mod_authn_dbm.c

Compatibility:

Available in Apache 2.1 and later



Summary

This module provides authentication front-ends such as mod_auth_digest and mod_auth_basic to authenticate users by looking up users in dbm password files. Similar functionality is provided by mod_authn_file.

When using mod_auth_basic or mod_auth_digest, this module is invoked via the AuthBasicProvider or AuthDigestProvider with the dbm value.

Directives:

AuthDBMType

AuthDBMUserFile

See also:

AuthDBMType Directive

Description:

Sets the type of database file that is used to store passwords

Syntax:

AuthDBMType default|SDBM|GDBM|NDBM|DB

Default:

AuthDBMType default

Context:

directory, .htaccess

Override:

AuthConfig

Status:

Extension

Module:

mod_authn_dbm

Sets the type of database file that is used to store the passwords. The default database type is determined at compile time. The availability of other types of database files also depends on compile-time settings (p. 1652).

It is crucial that whatever program you use to create your password files is configured to use the same type of database.

AuthDBMUserFile Directive

Description:

Sets the name of a database file containing the list of users and passwords for authentication

Syntax:

AuthDBMUserFile file-path

Context:

directory, .htaccess

Override:

AuthConfig

Status:

Extension

Module:

mod_authn_dbm

The AuthDBMUserFile directive sets the name of a DBM file containing the list of users and passwords for user authentication. File-path is the absolute path to the user file.

The user file is keyed on the username. The value for a user is the encrypted password, optionally followed by a colon and arbitrary data. The colon and the data following it will be ignored by the server.

Security: Make sure that the AuthDBMUserFile is stored outside the document tree of the web-server; do not put it in the directory that it protects. Otherwise, clients will be able to download the AuthDBMUserFile.

Important compatibility note: The implementation of dbmopen in the apache modules reads the string length of the hashed values from the DBM data structures, rather than relying upon the string being NULL-appended. Some applications, such as the Netscape web server, rely upon the string being NULL-appended, so if you are having trouble using DBM files interchangeably between applications this may be a part of the problem.

A perl script called dbmmanage is included with Apache. This program can be used to create and update DBM format password files for use with this module.

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